Gastritis is one of the most common diseases; it is diagnosed in two out of three people.
Chronic gastritis can cause complications in the form of stomach ulcers or even cancer. Therefore, a patient with such a disease is advised to maintain normal digestion and follow a special diet, especially during exacerbations.
Gastritis is a pathology manifested by inflammation of the mucous tissues of the stomach. The reason for its appearance is most often unhealthy diet, frequent stress and a weakened immune system. If this pathology is not treated, it goes into a chronic stage and then into a stomach ulcer and other complications.
The main symptoms of gastritis are:
- headache (if acidity is elevated);
- frequent and severe attacks of heartburn;
- too heavy stomach after eating;
- dull stomach pain;
- decreased immunity.
Which specific foods are acceptable for consumption depends directly on the patient's acidity level. The disease in question has high and low acidity.
Low acid diet
Patients with low acidity are advised by doctors to eat at least 4 times a day.
The following foods should be present in the diet of such people:
- lemon juice or dilute citric acid;
- cinnamon, small amounts of salt;
- durum wheat pasta;
- eggs, but not fried;
- dairy products;
- boiled meat; non-greasy animal oil; olive oil or sunflower oil;
- cooked or stewed vegetables;
- cooked or baked fruits;
- tea or coffee with added milk.
Drinking water with a small amount of natural honey in the morning on an empty stomach helps a lot. Fatty, fried and smoked foods should be excluded from the diet for all who suffer from gastritis. People with low acidity should also not eat legumes, potatoes, cabbage, radishes, rice, carbonated and alcoholic beverages.
Eating with increased acidity parameters
You should eat a little and every three hours. There is only hot food, no distraction and chewing thoroughly.
Authorized products include:
- everything cooked or steamed;
- dietary options for processed meats;
- skinless chicken or turkey;
- coffee with milk.
Attention!To avoid heartburn, you can drink a glass of water in the morning with a teaspoon of baking soda.
Foods banned for this form of gastritis include:
- hard cheese;
- fresh, especially hot baked goods;
- oily fish;
- cakes with greasy creams.
All patients with this disease are forbidden to preserve and marinate. Avoid using puff pastry, and it is also advisable to exclude grapes from the diet, as it will lead to bloating and digestive problems.
General dietary recommendations
There are several guidelines for nutritionists that help maintain normal digestion in gastritis:
- Food should not be salted. It is best to use the minimum amount of salt. It is also necessary to add fresh herbs to all dishes.
- Proper diet should be followed not only during exacerbations, but also during remission.
- Meat and fish in the diet of the fifth table should be eaten cut (cutlets, meatballs). The meat must be separated from the bones, tendons and joints.
- In gastritis, nutritionists recommend drinking plenty of water. It must be pure alkaline water without gas.
- Mandatory in the daily soup menu. The various puree soups and first courses of puree are especially useful.