In the 1990s, the book "4 Blood Types - 4 Ways to Health" was published in the United States, written by naturopath Peter d'Adamo. It almost immediately became a bestseller, translated into almost every language in the world, and became a practical nutrition guide for many people on the planet. According to the author of the book, there is a historically correct concept of nutrition for each blood group and it depends on the health and longevity of a person.
The basic idea of this theory is that humans should eat the same food as their ancestors. It is best digested and assimilated while the "wrong" foods slag the body. This concept of nutrition is not a diet for weight loss, it includes healthy eating for certain groups of people, which will help cleanse and heal the body.
Indeed, some studies show that people with different blood types are more or less susceptible to various diseases. For a long time, Dr. D'Adamo, together with his father, identified the effect on the body of various foods, as a result of which they are divided into 3 groups: useful, harmful and neutral. Below are lists of "good" and "bad" foods for each blood type. The unlisted products are neutral and are recommended for use in limited quantities.
Food for people with I (0) blood group
According to various sources, up to 40% of the world's population own blood from this group, Dr. d'Adamo identifies them as descendants of "hunters", so they should be more consistent with their diet. with meat.
- beef, lamb, venison, beef, poultry, offal;
- almost any fish (cod, perch, pike, flounder, sturgeon, trout, sardines are especially useful), caviar, seaweed;
- small amounts of cottage cheese and sheep cheese, cottage cheese;
- some vegetable oils (olive, flaxseed, sesame, almond); walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts, pumpkin and cedar seeds; legumes are rare (except soybeans and lentils);
- buckwheat, barley, barley groats, rice;
- rye bread;
- vegetables (beets and leaves, vegetables, horseradish, artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, broccoli, kohlrabi, parsnips, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, turnips, peppers and hot peppers);
- almost all fruits and berries;
- parsley, ginger, cloves, licorice, turmeric, curry, hot pepper;
- herbal and green tea, red wines, mineral water (carbonated).
- pollock, molluscs, squid;
- almost all dairy products, except those listed in the list of permitted;
- sunflower, corn, cottonseed, peanuts, coconut, palm oil;
- poppy seeds, pistachios, peanuts, cashews, Brazil nuts; wheat, oats, barley, maize and all products thereof;
- vegetables (cauliflower, cucumbers, leeks, rhubarb, potatoes, shiitake mushrooms, olives);
- avocados, oranges and tangerines, melons, strawberries, coconuts;
- spirits, lemonade, beer, black tea, coffee.
Food for people with II (A) blood group
Almost 35% of the world's population inherited group II from their parents, by the way, this is the most common blood group among Europeans. The developer of this diet ranks such people among the descendants of farmers and gatherers. Their diet is very similar to lacto-ovo vegetarianism.
- turkey (preferably) and other poultry;
- fish (salmon, sardines, mackerel, pike, whitefish, carp, cod, perch, trout, charcoal);
- fermented dairy products, whole milk - only goat, cheese too, only from it;
- vegetable oils (olive, flaxseed); peanuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, pine seeds, hazelnuts and other nuts;
- legumes, soy products are especially useful;
- cereals (buckwheat, rice, barley, oats, rye) and products made from flour made from these cereals;
- soy sauce, parsley, turmeric, ginger, mustard;
- vegetables (the list of useful includes artichokes, beets, Jerusalem artichokes, broccoli, green nuts, carrots, sausage, horseradish, garlic, onions, parsnips, pumpkin, turnips, spinach);
- all fruits, lemons, grapefruits, pineapples, plums, apricots;
- all kinds of herbal teas, green tea, white (preferably) and red wine, black coffee (1 cup per day).
- any red meat and offal;
- molluscs, squid, eels, catfish, flounder and more. ;
- whole cow's milk and products based on it;
- corn, cottonseed, peanuts, coconut oil;
- pistachios, Brazil nuts;
- wheat, wheat flour and products thereof;
- potatoes, white cabbage, red cabbage and Chinese cabbage, hot peppers, eggplant, olives, rhubarb, tomatoes;
- some fruits (bananas, melons, oranges, mangoes, papayas, tangerines, coconuts);
- gelatin, vinegar, black pepper (black, white, red), capers;
- sweets, sugar;
- strong alcoholic and carbonated drinks, beer, lemonade, black tea.
Food for people with III (B) blood group
This blood type is thought to originate from a mixed race. People gifted with it, Dr. d’Adamo refers to nomads. They are adopted the broadest and most varied diet, there are fewer dietary restrictions for owners of blood group III than for other people. This is due to the fact that the nomads settled on different continents and were omnivorous.
- mutton, lamb, venison, rabbit meat;
- caviar, croaker, sea bass, pike, sardines, cod, flounder, haddock, hake, flounder, mackerel, pike, sturgeon, carp;
- almost all dairy products;
- fleet and beans from Lima;
- olive oil;
- oat flakes and oatmeal, millet, rice;
- beets, broccoli, brussels sprouts, carrots, parsnips, sweet potatoes, onions, horseradish, parsnips, turnips, garlic;
- blueberries, plums, watermelon, bananas, grapes, papaya, blueberries, blackberries, cherries;
- curry, licorice, ginger, parsley;
- still water, green tea, beer, red and white wine, black tea and coffee (it is allowed to drink no more than 1 cup per day).
- poultry, pork, offal;
- molluscs, crabs, beluga, eel, pollock, trout, charcoal;
- quail eggs;
- blue and processed cheeses;
- other varieties of beans, soy products;
- vegetable oils: coconut, corn, peanut, soybean, sesame, sunflower, rapeseed;
- Cashews, peanuts, pine nuts, poppies, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds;
- wheat, buckwheat, corn, rye groats;
- olives, radishes, radishes, rhubarb, tomatoes, sauerkraut;
- avocado, pomegranate, persimmon, melon, coconut;
- pepper, cinnamon, soy sauce, gelatin, ketchup;
- carbonated and strong alcoholic beverages, lemonade, carbonated water.
Food for people with IV (AB) blood group
This blood type is the rarest, found in only 7% of people living on our planet. Naturopathic doctor D'Adamo defined this group of people as a mixed type or "new people". Like the owners of blood group III, the "new people" were much luckier with the diet than the population with groups I and II.
- lamb, rabbit, turkey;
- chicken eggs;
- mackerel, salmon, sardines, tuna, cod, pike, pike, sturgeon;
- dairy products, but cheese in limited quantities;
- walnut and olive oil;
- peanuts, walnuts;
- lentils, soybeans, beans;
- millet, oats, rice, rye flour and products thereof;
- beets, broccoli, cauliflower and green vegetables, cucumbers, garlic, sweet potatoes, carrots, eggplant, parsnips, mustard, tomatoes;
- cherry, fig, grape, grapefruit, kiwi, pineapple, plum, watermelon, lemon, gooseberry, cranberry;
- curry, turmeric, ginger, parsley;
- green tea, sparkling water, white and red wines.
- pork, beef, chicken, goose, quail eggs;
- flounder, perch, beluga, flounder, haddock, hake, eel, trout, arthropods and molluscs;
- butter, margarine;
- melted cheese, blue cheese, whole milk, cream;
- lima beans, black beans, azuki beans, chickpeas;
- hazelnuts, poppy seeds, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds; buckwheat, maize, wheat and products of these cereals;
- artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, olives, bell and hot peppers, radishes, radishes, rhubarb;
- sunflower, corn, sesame, coconut, cottonseed oils;
- avocados, bananas, melons, guavas, persimmons, pomegranates, quinces, coconuts, mangoes, oranges;
- pepper, vinegar;
- strong alcoholic and sweet carbonated drinks, black tea and coffee.
Critique of the American blood type dietWhile doctors of conventional medicine are divided on this diet, most still tend to believe that it is not scientifically sound and has no evidence. Perhaps its only advantage is that from the list of foods for people with different blood types you can, working hard, create a complete balanced diet. Complete rejection of certain foods can still lead to depletion of certain substances. For example, people with group I are almost completely forbidden to eat dairy products and this can lead to a deficiency of calcium and phosphorus.
Many doctors agree that the blood type diet is too general and does not take into account the individual characteristics of the body, lifestyle and other factors that do not depend on the person's blood type. In addition, as you know, there are many more blood types than 4, Dr. D'Adamo took one of the simplest systems (AB0) as a basis for developing his diet.
Initially, the term "amino acids" was used in physician books when referring to protein foods. The protein in its original form does not enter the bloodstream; it is pre-broken down into amino acids. But the body is not really interested in what proteins, plant or animal, these amino acids are derived from, and therefore it is inappropriate to limit dairy products and meat for certain categories of people. After this fact was pointed out to the author of the diet, the term "amino acids" was replaced by "lectins", which is not understandable even for many doctors, let alone the common man on the street. And in general, many traditional healers tend to believe that the book presenting this diet is "overloaded" with scientific terms, many of which are inappropriate and incomprehensible to readers.
In summary, we can say that the blood group nutrition system has not found an answer in the medical community and has even been severely criticized, and a huge number of positive reviews about this diet find a logical explanation. First of all, this is due to the general improvement of the diet, as strong alcohol, carbonated sugary drinks, fatty meat, very "heavy" vegetables, foods rich in saturated fats and other unhealthy foods are completely eliminated from the diet, regardless ofblood type. In addition, one of the important factors for the positive effect of any popular diet is the placebo effect and the development of the American doctor D'Adamo is no exception.